Friday, September 19, 2014

Hormesis


“The term “hormesis” is used in biology to describe a relationship between the dose of something and the benefit or harm from it, in particular when too much of something is just as harmful as too little.”


“But it’s important to understand the concept of hormesis, so we can move away from the “more is better” mentality that plagues many athletes and fuels a multi-billion-dollar sports food and supplement industry.”


Finding the sweet spot with sports nutrition


Thursday, September 18, 2014

1033

“We’ve spent the past two decades militarizing our police forces to respond to problems that never materialized.”


“The 1033 program’s roots lie in the drug war — hence the counter-narcotics impetus. It was originally created in 1990, as part of the National Defense Authorization Act, which authorized the Pentagon to transfer military equipment to local law enforcement if it was “suitable for use in counter-drug activities.” In the wake of the September 11th attacks, the program’s focus has expanded to include counter-terrorism activities as well.


While the 1033 program’s intent may have been to equip specialized units for extreme, dangerous situations, fighting al-Qaeda sleeper cells or powerful drug cartels, the effect has been to incorporate SWAT-style raids into ordinary police operations. That includes, but is certainly not limited to, the serving of search warrants. This may partly be because the program requires that all equipment issued through the 1033 program be used within one year of the date it is granted. That means that if police departments want to keep their new gear, they can’t wait for a rare emergency like an active shooter or hostage situation in order to use it.”


One sentence that explains why local police don’t need military weapons


Brilliant.


Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Nothing lasts forever

“Close to 85% of municipalities in Japan are shrinking, compared to fewer than than 5% of local authorities in England and Wales. Demography is front-page news in Japan: alarmism reached feverish levels this spring with the publication of a report asserting that more than half of Japan’s municipalities are “at risk of extinction” by 2040, as their numbers of reproductive-age women halve versus 2010 – or in Yubari’s case, fall by 85% to just 100 such women in 2040.


This makes Yubari fascinating as the demographic canary in the Japanese, erm, coal mine. When celebrated doctor Tomohiko Murakami, who led the post-bankruptcy downsizing of Yubari’s only hospital into a clinic (before he was disgraced in a bizarre love triangle-cum-attempted murder incident), describes contemporary Yubari as a “microcosm of Japan in 2050”, he exaggerates only mildly: by around 2060, the over-65s are projected to account for four out of every 10 Japanese – a ratio Yubari reached about a decade ago.”


Yubari, Japan: a city learns how to die


Monday, September 15, 2014

Friday, September 12, 2014

Hypercholesterolemia is a hype?

“When you become obsessed with getting your LDL numbers low, you’re just trading off death by heart attack with death by cancer or infection or heart failure. At the same time, you’re incurring additional expense, along with often annoying and in some cases devastating side effects associated with statin drugs. Doesn’t this seem counterproductive?


While Americans seem to want to rely on a magic bullet to solve their medical problems, they would be much better off to focus on the things that take effort: stop smoking, start exercising, lose weight, eat healthy foods, get plenty of sleep, spend some time outside in the sun without sunscreen, and reduce the effect of stress through relaxation exercises. Achieving these goals is much more rewarding and beneficial than popping a pill. These are the true secrets to a long and healthy life.”


Statins, Pregnancy, Sepsis, Cancer, Heart Failure: a Critical Analysis.


Thursday, September 11, 2014

Reappraise, re-evaluate

“The need for a reappraisal of dietary recommendations stems from 1) general failure to halt the epidemic of diabetes under current guidelines, 2) the specific failure of low-fat diets to improve obesity, cardiovascular risk or general health (points 1 and 4), 3) Constant reports of side effects of commonly prescribed diabetic medications, some quite serious (point 12) and, most important, 4) the continued success of low-carbohydrate diets to meet the challenges of improvement in the features of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in the absence of side effects.


The benefits of carbohydrate restriction are immediate and well-documented. Concerns about the efficacy and safety of carbohydrate restriction are long-term and conjectural rather than data-driven.”


Dietary Carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management.


Wednesday, September 10, 2014

PreEx RT vs RT to MMF

“As such the “target” muscles can be “pre-exhausted” with an isolation exercise before moving immediately to a compound exercise. For example, the biceps might be the “weak-link” in a pulling exercise though the target might be to train the latissimus muscles. With this in mind, it is suggested to pre-exhaust the target muscles using an isolation exercise immediately prior to a compound exercise. It is hypothesised that this provides greater stimulation to the target muscles. Jones (1970) notes that “during the brief period while your weak-link muscles are actually stronger than your target muscles, you can take advantage of that momentary condition to use the strength of the weak-link muscles to train the target muscles much harder than would otherwise be possible.” Since evidence suggests training to MMF maximally recruits motor units and produces greatest gains in muscular strength and hypertrophy, the notion of attaining a greater fatigue to maximise adaptation appears logical.”


“Based upon these results there appears no benefit to performing PreEx RT over and above simply performing individual exercises to MMF in a preferred order and with preferred rest between exercises.”


The effects of pre-exhaustion, exercise order, and rest intervals in a full-body resistance training intervention


Tuesday, September 09, 2014

Monday, September 08, 2014

Oil burners

“Drivers of most pre-2015 diesel cars will have to pay a pollution charge of £10 a day to enter central London from 2020 under plans designed to reduce deaths and illnesses linked to emissions. Other British cities including Bristol, Birmingham and Leicester are considering similar proposals in order to meet European air quality targets, and ministers are under pressure to increase taxes on diesel. Only petrol cars registered before 2006 will be affected.


It will add to the cost of motoring for many drivers — about half of all new cars sold are diesel models — at a time when the cost advantages of running diesel cars are being eroded by new efficient petrol engines and hybrids.


“It will reinforce the idea that diesel cars are for long journeys, not for going into cities every day.””


£10 pollution charge set to spell end of diesel discount


Friday, September 05, 2014

No Pain, No Gain

“But the volunteers in the exercise group displayed substantially greater ability to withstand pain. Their pain thresholds had not changed; they began to feel pain at the same point they had before. But their tolerance had risen.”


How Exercise Helps Us Tolerate Pain


Thursday, September 04, 2014

Wednesday, September 03, 2014

The Stubborn Power of Politeness

“This is not a world where you can simply express love for other people, where you can praise them. Perhaps it should be. But it’s not. I’ve found that people will fear your enthusiasm and warmth, and wait to hear the price. Which is fair. We’ve all been drawn into someone’s love only to find out that we couldn’t afford it. A little distance buys everyone time.”


How to be Polite


Tuesday, September 02, 2014

Panic and freak out

“Krack, who is married to world-record free diver Mandy-Rae Cruickshank, said he can teach most people within a day how to hold their breath in a pool for nearly four minutes.”


“You begin to notice that the fear of the danger does nothing to keep you safe.”


Why Olympic Athletes Are Learning to Hold Their Breath for More Than Five Minutes


Monday, September 01, 2014

Thursday, August 28, 2014

The Royal Mail

“Designer James Addison has been testing the puzzle-solving abilities of Royal Mail with cryptic clues and games written on envelopes. Every single one was delivered to the right destination.”


Meet The Man Who Writes Cryptic Puzzles On Envelopes To Test Royal Mail